Crystalline insulation is impregnation, during which the active substances penetrate the substrate, thus creating crystalline neoplasms. The created crystalline aggregation unites with the concrete surface and permanently integrates (filling of pores, capillaries and cracks occurs). In this way it protects the treated surface against seepages of water and other liquids.
Polymer insulations are is predominantly used for surface treatment of objects damaged by mechanical means or by the action of water and moisture. These include: skirting masonry faults, additional hydroinsulation of house walls or remediation of skirting plaster.
Treated concrete structure becomes impermeable to pressured water, agricultural products, petroleum products and chemicals. Crystals impermeable for water are formed and they grow into the cross section of the concrete. Thy crystals also overcome fine hair cracks and faults in the concrete up to 0.4 mm thickness and so stop penetration of water in liquid state. Static and mechanical properties do not change due to the applied mass and the anti-corrosive properties of the concrete steel are not reduced.
Remediation with polymer insulation lies particularly in diagnostics and removal of the given problem. On the remediated object we have to achieve a complete insulation against water and moisture. Then we treat places damaged by salts and restore the plaster itself.
In both cases it is necessary to protect the building and its structure against adverse weather conditions. Use of both methods prolongs service life and resistance of concrete structures.